Literature Review Outline: Structure + Free Template (2023)

A literature review contains the main thesis that helps to delve into a given topic. To get decent work, you need to study and evaluate many works by professionals in the chosen field. Use any literature review example to ease your writing process. You should summarize and assess various concepts and suggestions of an author without adding your ideas and giving personal opinion. Therefore, to succeed and write an excellent literature review, each article written by a school pupil, a student, or a professor should begin with a literature review outline.

All possible sources should be used in the structure of your work. After a detailed description of the problem and its solution, it is necessary to invite readers to study the materials based on which you selected certain facts.

You can study examples that detail the principles of creating a bibliography. What is indicated first, the topic of some work or its author? A year of publication or number of pages in an article? What numbering will be used? Read this and much more below. This article will help you create an outstanding and helpful outline and master your literature review.

Don’t have time for reading, but the deadline is pressing? Rely on our literature review services and have no worries.

How to Write a Literature Review Outline

You should start writing a literature review outline sequentially. It is better to choose a research area that truly interests you. No one wants to struggle with boring material and spend hours thinking about how to present it properly. After choosing a topic, focus on structuring the information and move on to writing.

To simplify the creation process of your work, try to ask yourself a few questions that you will address as you write the article. Provide readers with methods you use for solving problems in your writing and the results you expect.

Split text into several sections. This will not only make it easier to read but also help you find materials you need for your work faster and easier. Properly organizing your preparatory work as well as drawing up a clear outline of an article will help you move smoothly to indicate the sources used in each part of the work.

Use Literature Review Template

The literature selected for your study should be compared. You will need a literature review matrix template. With its help, you will find highlights of your topic that have been mentioned in many articles. You will see how various materials differ and what aspect is causing more discussion, what is missing.

Using an Excel review matrix is essential for every scientific work. This method is especially popular when preparing information on medical or scientific topics. You will be able to compare proposed problem solutions and track how trends have changed over a selected period.

Author/ Publication DateTheoretical/Conceptual FrameworkResearch QuestionMethodologyAnalysisImplications for Further Research
Source 1Full name (Year)Specify the theories and ideas that support research.Identify the main research question.Mention what methods have been used in research.Analyze the key aspects of the study, find pros and cons, and discuss the outcomes.Find gaps, contradictions and implications.
Source 2Full name (Year)Specify the theories and ideas that support research.Identify the main research question.Mention what methods have been used in research.Analyze the key aspects of the study, find pros and cons, and discuss the outcomes.Find gaps, contradictions and implications.
Source 3Full name (Year)Specify the theories and ideas that support research.Identify the main research question.Mention what methods have been used in research.Analyze the key aspects of the study, find pros and cons, and discuss the outcomes.Find gaps, contradictions and implications.

Outline of Literature Review

Before creating an outline you should have a clear understanding of your strategy. A literature review structure includes several points you should always keep in mind:

  1. Introduction In this part, you determine the topic of your work, emphasize your focus and purpose, indicate your personal opinions about the selected issue, use statistics (how many materials on the topic have already been published).
  2. Main body It is necessary to arrange materials in accordance with the given topics. Step back from a general presentation of information and delve into your main theme. Summarize and combine essential points of sources into an organic whole.
  3. Conclusion Generalization is the key when it comes to writing a conclusion. You can indicate what literature exists on a given topic. Determine the pros and cons of various sources, choose a topic for further study.

General systematization of sources will help you highlight essential aspects of your work as well as simplify a solution of complex issues.

(Video) Outline Your Literature Review's Structure | Scribbr 🎓

Literature Review Introduction

The introduction of your paper should attract readers to your topic. It should cover a fundamental principle that will be included in your work. Readers should understand what they will find further in your text. Bring interest to your topic. Discuss literature you will review and give hints about your concept.

An introduction to a literature review should include these aspects:

  1. Presentation of the selected topic. In this part, you can add reference data, principles, and work mechanisms (if you consider technical aspects of an operation of any equipment).
  2. Research question. How will your research help people, or what benefit will it bring to science?
  3. Methodology. What is this work based on, what principles are used to substantiate the relevance of this project?
  4. Trends. You can study background topics and gradually move on to current global trends.

The literature review thesis is the best contribution to the development of science and other spheres.

Body of Literature Review

To write a body of a literature review, focus on issues that you want to consider. Each article has its own value, so you need to structure the information consistently. Synthesize and summarize all main points. Evaluate all strengths and weaknesses of your sources. Structure paragraphs by using transition words for essays and make comparisons and connections.

In your studies, use these sorting methods:

  1. By publication date. This will keep the events chronology. You will consider all the questions in their development order.
  2. By this topic. You can gradually associate a topic of your work with the literature you used. This approach is popular when an overview indirectly mentions a selected topic.
  3. By methods. Each author uses different methods to interpret their solutions. So you should focus on the chosen concepts.

Divide your article with subheadings for readability and complete elimination of any gaps in knowledge. Your findings are important for summarizing your work. So don’t neglect the information from this section.

Literature Review Conclusion

Basic information on your work is presented in the introduction and body parts. In this part, we have to collect everything we have taken from our literature. Unite our key findings and essential points into a short paragraph. To summarize all data, you should answer the main question and offer your own conclusions. Also, mention solutions proposed by famous researchers. You will also need:

(Video) How To Write A Literature Review In 3 Simple Steps (FREE Template With Examples)

  • indicate any significance of this work to society;
  • highlight strengths and weaknesses of a chosen research subject;
  • determine the scope of activities that will be studied in the future;
  • match the topic with existing dissertations and other materials.

Your work should be helpful for readers. Indicate how it can be applied in scientific or other activities. And who may benefit from it primarily. Now it is clear how to write a conclusion for a literature review.

Literature Review Outline: Bottom Line

Literature review is not something extremely hard if prepared with an outline. Keep in mind that your outline should be well structured. It should be written sequentially, with total understanding of an idea. Follow this quick guide for your outline writing process, but we know that every student is usually loaded with additional tasks. Sometimes there isn’t enough time to create reviews. In this case, we will help students write high-quality, clearly structured literature review outline. We will study existing works and compare a research topic with published materials.

Each part of a review will be divided into paragraphs. We will select only promising articles. You can study them further to broaden your horizons as well as immerse yourself in your topic. Preparing and organizing the writing process will take minimum time. Contact our professional writing service. We will assist you immediately.

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Joe Eckel is an expert on Dissertations writing. He makes sure that each student gets precious insights on composing A-grade academic writing.

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Comments

Leave your comment here:

(Video) Literature Review Outline Example - PapersOwl

Leo

9/29/2022 11:27 AM

Hi! Thank you for a good example of a literature review outline! I was desperate and had no idea where to start my literature review. Thanks to the template from this article I created my outline in like 20 minutes! Thanks for the helpful and informative content for students!

Hi Leo,

We are really glad our template for literature review outline helped! We always try to make every effort to make students’ lives easier. Feel free to ask us anything!

Justin

10/6/2022 2:03 PM

Hello. I’m writing my literature review and my teacher told me to write it in APA style. I wanted to ask how to write a literature review outline in APA.

(Video) How to Write a Literature Review: 3 Minute Step-by-step Guide | Scribbr 🎓

StudyCrumb

10/6/2022 2:12 PM

Hi Justin,

If you need to format your literature review in APA, then here are some basic guidelines for APA format that will help you:

1. Your paper should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11")
2. Use 1-inch margins on all sides.
3. Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font.
4. Include a page header or running head at the top of every page using capital letters. It should not exceed 50 characters, including spacing and punctuation.
5. Put numbers of pages in the upper right corner of every page.
6. Don’t forget to include a title page.

Hope this helps!

FAQs

How do you outline the structure of a literature review? ›

A literature review should be structured like any other essay: it should have an introduction, a middle or main body, and a conclusion.

What are the 3 structures of literature review? ›

Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements: an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the discussion of sources; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper.

What are the 4 parts of literature review? ›

It helps to deconstruct the literature review into a four-part process, including: 1) Developing a Topic; 2) Searching the Literature; 3) Narrowing the Scope; and 4) Synthesizing Prior Research.

How long should an outline for a literature review be? ›

To give you a rough idea, that is about 2-3 pages for a 15-page paper. In case you are writing a literature review as a stand-alone assignment, its length should be specified in the instructions provided.

What are 5 parts of literature review? ›

Elements of the Literature Review

Background/Introduction – Give an overview of your research topic and what prompted it. Methods - Describe step by step how your performed your evaluation of the materials. Discussion/Body - The body contains the evaluation or synthesis of the materials.

What are the 7 steps in writing a literature review? ›

7 easy steps to do a literature review
  • Define your research scope. ...
  • Plan your research approach. ...
  • Search strategically: be efficient but thorough. ...
  • Manage your literature with online tools. ...
  • Critical reading and analysis. ...
  • Benchmark from other literature reviews. ...
  • Assemble the texts and write.
4 Jun 2020

What are the six 6 processes in conducting a literature review? ›

Preface -- Introduction -- Step 1 : Select a topic -- Step 2 : Search the literature -- Step 3 : Develop the argument -- Step 4 : Survey the literature -- Step 5 : Critique the literature -- Step 6 : Write the review.

How do you write a literature review template? ›

  1. Step 1: Search for relevant literature. Before you begin searching for literature, you need a clearly defined topic. ...
  2. Step 2: Evaluate and select sources. ...
  3. Step 3: Identify themes, debates and gaps. ...
  4. Step 4: Outline your literature review's structure. ...
  5. Step 5: Write your literature review.
22 Feb 2022

What are the 8 steps in reviewing a literature? ›

Your literature review should:
  • Be objective. ...
  • Include relevant literature. ...
  • Focus on a central insight into the literature. ...
  • Both summarize and evaluate all sources. ...
  • Consider audience. ...
  • Be organized. ...
  • Be edited for clarity and precision. ...
  • Document and cite all sources precisely and accurately.

What are the 6 major elements of literature? ›

Literary Elements are the foundational building blocks of all stories. Students will learn to identify six basic elements (setting, point of view, plot, character, conflict, theme), and to evaluate and analyze whether an author has used them...

What are the 5 elements of literature? ›

These five components are: the characters, the setting, the plot, the conflict, and the resolution. These essential elements keep the story running smoothly and allow the action to develop in a logical way that the reader can follow.

What are the 7 guidelines in writing an outline? ›

  • Craft your premise.
  • Roughly sketch scene ideas.
  • Interview your characters.
  • Explore your settings.
  • Write your complete outline.
  • Condense your outline.
  • Put your outline into action.

What are the 5 steps to writing an outline? ›

5 Steps to Create the Perfect Outline
  1. Choose Your Topic and Establish Your Purpose. A lot of writers struggle to define the initial focus for their paper. ...
  2. Create A List Of Main Ideas. This is the brainstorming part of the writing process. ...
  3. Organize Your Main Ideas. ...
  4. Flush Out Your Main Points. ...
  5. Review and Adjust.

How do I make an outline? ›

How do I write an outline?
  1. Identify your topic or thesis statement.
  2. Decide what points you would like to discuss during your paper.
  3. Put your points in logical, numerical order so that each point connects back to your main point.
  4. Write possible transitions between paragraphs.

What are the 10 steps to review literature? ›

  • Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience.
  • Rule 2: Search and Re-search the Literature.
  • Rule 3: Take Notes While Reading.
  • Rule 4: Choose the Type of Review You Wish to Write.
  • Rule 5: Keep the Review Focused, but Make It of Broad Interest.
  • Rule 6: Be Critical and Consistent.
  • Rule 7: Find a Logical Structure.
18 Jul 2013

What makes a literature review fail? ›

Poor writing in a literature review is often the result of failing to integrate arguments into the review. Many people make the mistake of simply summarising their readings. Avoid using words like 'are reported'. These types of words often lead to descriptive writing.

How do you write a short literature review example? ›

Use an introduction, body paragraph(s), and a conclusion. Include summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation (if appropriate). Lit review may be as short as a few paragraphs or as long as a chapter.

What are the nine basic steps in writing a literature review? ›

Nine Steps to Writing a Literature Review
  • Find a Working Topic. ...
  • Review the Literature. ...
  • Focus Your Topic Narrowly and Select Papers Accordingly. ...
  • Read the Selected Articles Thoroughly and Evaluate Them. ...
  • Organize the Selected Papers By Looking For Patterns and By Developing Subtopics. ...
  • Develop a Working Thesis.

How do you write a literature review quickly? ›

How to Write a Literature Review
  1. Step One: Decide on your areas of research: ...
  2. Step Two: Search for the literature: ...
  3. Step Three: Find relevant excerpts in your books and articles: ...
  4. Step Four: Code the literature: ...
  5. Step Five: Create Your Conceptual Schema: ...
  6. Step Six: Begin to Write Your Literature Review:
3 Feb 2022

How do you arrange a literature review in chronological order? ›

Ways to structure your Literature Review

Topical order (by main topics or issues, showing relationship to the main problem or topic) Chronological order (simplest of all, organise by dates of published literature) Problem-cause-solution order. General to specific order.

What is a literature review step by step? ›

Steps in the Literature Review Process. Define your research question. Determine inclusion and exclusion criteria. Choose databases and search. Review Results.

What is literature review and its format? ›

The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source.

What is literature review Matrix? ›

The Review Matrix

Using a review matrix enables you to quickly compare and contrast articles in order to determine the scope of research across time. A review matrix can help you more easily spot differences and similarities between journal articles about a given research topic.

What are the 7 hallmarks of literature? ›

The 7 Literary Standards The seven literary standards are: artistry, suggestiveness, intellectual value, spiritual value, permanence, universality and style. These are a set of characteristics to determine whether or not a work is literary. The criteria was developed by writer William J.

What are the 9 literary elements? ›

A literary element refers to components of a literary work (character, setting, plot, theme, frame, exposition, ending/denouement, motif, titling, narrative point-‐of-‐view). These are technical terms for the “what” of a work.

What are the 4 genres of literature? ›

In the landscape of literature, there are four major genres: poetry, drama, fiction, and creative nonfiction. While there are certain key recognizable features of each genre, these are not so much rules as they are tools, or conventions, the author uses.

What is the structure of literary writing? ›

A typical plot structure contains an exposition, rising action, a climax, falling action, and a denouement. The introduction or exposition tells the reader what they need to know to start the story (the background and setting).

What are themes in literature? ›

A theme is a central, unifying idea. It's the bigger issue that emerges as the characters pursue their goals. It has less to do with whether they'll win the race, or get the date, or find the treasure, and more to do with the deeper questions about identity, philosophy, or morality that arise during their attempts.

What are key elements in literature? ›

Glossary of Common Formal Elements of Literature
  • Allusion.
  • Characterization.
  • Connotation.
  • Denotation.
  • Diction.
  • Genre.
  • Imagery.
  • Irony.

How do you outline the structure of an article? ›

How do I write an outline?
  1. Identify your topic or thesis statement.
  2. Decide what points you would like to discuss during your paper.
  3. Put your points in logical, numerical order so that each point connects back to your main point.
  4. Write possible transitions between paragraphs.

What is the structure of literature? ›

The most common elements of the narrative structure are setting, plot, and theme. The parts of narrative plot include exposition (the beginning), rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. The resolution is also called the denouement.

What are the 4 types of outline? ›

Four Types of Outlining - article
  • Classical Outlining. A classical outline includes Roman numerals, letters, and numbers for headings and subheadings. ...
  • Summary Outlining. In a summary outline, the writer estimates the number of chapters in their manuscript. ...
  • Index Card Outlining. ...
  • Clustering.

What are the 5 parts of an outline? ›

5 Steps to Create the Perfect Outline
  • Choose Your Topic and Establish Your Purpose. A lot of writers struggle to define the initial focus for their paper. ...
  • Create A List Of Main Ideas. This is the brainstorming part of the writing process. ...
  • Organize Your Main Ideas. ...
  • Flush Out Your Main Points. ...
  • Review and Adjust.

What are the 5 parts of literature? ›

These five components are: the characters, the setting, the plot, the conflict, and the resolution. These essential elements keep the story running smoothly and allow the action to develop in a logical way that the reader can follow.

What are examples of structure? ›

Buildings, aircraft, skeletons, anthills, beaver dams, bridges and salt domes are all examples of load-bearing structures. The results of construction are divided into buildings and non-building structures, and make up the infrastructure of a human society.

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